Rabat – Morocco On Tuesday, July 30, 2019, the reign of its king, King Mohammed VI, will commemorate 20 years. As the dominion ascended the throne, King Mohammed has labored to determine, accelerate and consolidate a wide range of social, democratic and financial reforms within the country.
These events have been designed to improve the lives of hundreds of thousands of Moroccans and to strengthen the general stability and socio-political infrastructure of the Kingdom.
King Mohammed spoke to the throne towards the Moroccan individuals and promised to deal with the nation's dangerous financial system and corrupt practices. He also promised to create jobs and enhance the human rights state of affairs within the country.
King Mohammed's efforts to alleviate poverty have been somewhat profitable during the last 20 years. He has continued to encourage external relations and to consolidate a number of essential political advances, together with people who have restricted his powers and strengthened the Moroccan Parliament.
The worldwide group has acknowledged worldwide his important achievements, which have been recognized all through his nation.
Morocco's 2004 Fact and Reconciliation Fee
King Hassan II's 38-year rule, 1961-1999, left questions concerning the nation's human rights document, together with many years of imprisonment without trial. King Mohammed sought to improve Morocco's previously poor fame in the area.
The brand new king established the Moroccan Fact and Reconciliation Commission (IER) in 2004, an unbiased mediation commission that investigates human rights abuses.
King Mohammed endorsed the Commission's suggestions and granted financial compensation to over 5,000 Moroccan victims.
Consequently, political prisoners have been released. NGOs legalized and now function inside the authorized framework and seek to offer a buffer between residents and the state
In a current interview, Amina Bouayach, chairman of the Moroccan Nationwide Human Rights Council (CNDH), said that "there are no political prisoners in Morocco"
“The opportunity to defend and promote human rights has been consolidated at the legislative level through the creation of mechanisms and also in the public sphere of expression; in other words, [Morocco] already has a legislative, constitutional and public framework, Bouayach said
Moroccan family code reform
King Mohammed established a new family code for Morocco in 2004; Moudawana. Moudawana is one of the most dynamic and progressive laws ever relating to women and family rights established in the Arab world.
The code gave women a thorough responsibility to their husbands and equal rights to marriage and access.
During the reign of King Mohammed's father, Hassan II, women were "politically" similar to men, but nowadays they also have social and nationality.
The code also promoted women's participation in politics as a society. Today, 17 percent of Moroccan parliamentary seats are women, an astounding increase from just 1 percent 15 years ago
National Human Development Initiative
King Mohammed established the National Human Initiative (INDH) in 2005 to address poverty, vulnerability and social exclusion2 ] According to King Mohammed, the main objective of the program was "to ensure a better distribution of growth and a better standard of living for the people of Morocco."
The project consisted of four parts; poverty alleviation in rural areas, alleviation of social exclusion in urban areas, containment of extreme vulnerability and institutional capacity building
The program budget was MAD 10 billion (approximately $ 900 million), spread over five years. -2010
In the Urban Agenda, the local level committees identified 264 urban areas with the highest needs in 30 Moroccan cities to benefit from the initiative.
The World Bank supported the project with a $ 100 million loan and an additional $ 7 million grant to increase water availability and sanitation in three poverty-stricken cities.
INDH is widely recognized as a success. In 2010, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon praised the program, saying that its "significant results" were effective in helping all Moroccan citizens, especially the poor.
King Mohammed has expanded Morocco's ties to the African continent and the Middle East, and has strengthened the country's long-standing alliance with the United States.
Morocco today has cooperation agreements with several African countries that continue to promote economic development, security and religious restraint.
I – Fighting Religious Extremist Movements
King Mohammed VI's leadership and his strong commitment to the values of tolerance, interfaith dialogue and coexistence at home and abroad have made Morocco distinctive in the last two decades
has supported several times for countries working together to achieve a new goal.
Some of the royal religious initiatives include the establishment of the Mohammed VI Educational Institutes, Morchidines and Morchidates, and the Mohammed VI Foundation for Ulema, Africa in 2015.
With the Maldives and Nigeria to combat religious extremism. The organization has trained 1,391 African imates since its inception. African Ulema was founded to uphold the true values of Islamic tolerance.
“Those who practice terrorism in the name of Islam are not Muslims. Their only connection to Islam is the forgiveness they use to justify their crimes and their madness. They have gone astray and their destiny is to live forever in hell, ”King Mohammed stated in his August 2016 speech condemning spiritual extremism.
“They think – out of ignorance – that they are involved in a jihad. When is jihad synonymous with killing innocent people? The Almighty says, "Do not cross borders, for Allah does not love criminals."
In May 2019, Commissar of Bahrain Ministry of Justice, Islamic Affairs and Waqf, Farid Ben Yaakoub Al Miftah, praised King Mohammed for leading role . 19659002] "Faithful and apologist commander, I am committed to protect both Muslims and non-Muslims' rights," says the state in 2016.
King Mohammed VI launched in 2010 a program of hundreds of ancient synagogue and Jewish cemeteries rehabilitation in Morocco. Since then, the kingdom has used millions of dollars to repair nearly 200 of these sites.
Moroccan Christian residents and temporary visitors have always exercised their faith freely in churches.
Paul Francis' visit in March 2018 highlighted the King's tolerant religious system and Morocco's international role in interfaith dialogue
In 2015, King Mohammed introduced the Central Office of Legal Investigation (BCIJ) to oversee security threats throughout the country. foreign security agencies' efforts in the fight against terrorism
According to the BCIJ, Morocco dismantles 57 terrorist cells and detains 3,129 suspects, of whom 292 were sentenced.
A recent report revealed that Morocco has adopted effective anti-terrorism and radicalization approaches that have proven to be more effective than in Egypt and Tunisia.
In a recent interview, Abdelhak El Khiame, leader of the BCIJ, said that Morocco always offers the opportunity to share its strategy with European partners. This has helped them prevent "multiple attacks in several countries such as France, Spain, Italy, Denmark and Belgium."
"This professionalism has given more value to the Moroccan security services, which continue to receive requests from their European counterparts," El Khiame said.
At the request of King Mohammed VI, Morocco launched a "moussala" (reconciliation) program in 2018, a multidimensional policy aimed at reintegrating prisoners
Morocco offered royal indictments for several crimes, .
III – A New Approach to Salafism
In 2015, King Mohammed VI issued a set of 37 Salafi prisoners convicted of terrorist charges, including Sheikh Hassan al-Khattab.
According to a statement from the Department of Justice, amnesty came "when they officially declared their loyalty to the principles of the nation, its holy places, and national institutions, and after reviewing their ideological positions and tendencies and abandoning extremism and terrorism."
On the issue of Salafi jihad, this represents a general improvement in the relationship between several Salafi figures and the government, and in the restructuring of some governmental anti-extremism approaches.
For security, the government's strategy of using Sufism to confront extreme Salafism has been short-lived. where Salafism is more accepted, trying to reconcile it with the Sufi character.
IV – Western Sahara
The Moroccan Autonomous Plan is the latest initiative to t settlement of the Western Sahara conflict. King Mohammed presented to the UN in April 2007 a proposed solution to the conflict.
In a letter to Kofi Annan, the seventh Secretary-General of Morocco, the King reaffirmed Morocco's commitment to a consensus to end the settlement. dispute in the Sahara region
In the same letter, the king informed the UN Secretary-General that Morocco was preparing to submit a project of independence within the framework of the nation's territorial integrity and national unity.
CORCAS then visited several countries to set out Morocco's goals. Morocco's plan, which is the best possible solution to the four decades of conflict, was welcomed by several international countries.
The Moroccan Autonomy Plan, entitled "Moroccan Initiative for Negotiating the Independence of the Sahara Rules", is a dialogue with local populations and political parties on this issue.
This initiative provides autonomy for the people of Western Sahara in Moroccan sovereignty. Its purpose is to reconcile the territorial integrity of the UK with the people's need for their own affairs
The solution consists of a "broader sovereignty" aimed at satisfying the aspirations of the Saharawi people while respecting their cultural identity. at the same time defending the territorial integrity of Morocco.
Under the plan, the Autonomous Community would be given the privilege of democratically exercising legislative, executive and judicial powers with exclusive competence.
To this end, the King said that Moroccans, especially diplomats and officials seeking to convince the global community of Morocco's role, should equip themselves with "clarity" on history and "foresight" for the present and future.
a statement reiterating its support for the Moroccan Autonomy Plan at the 41st session of the Human Rights Council in June 2019.
The members of the group are Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Sultans of Oman, Jordan, Comoros, Gabon, Burundi, Burundi , Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo and Guinea.
Finding a solution to the conflict, according to the group, "enables the aspirations of the African and Arab peoples for integration and development."
In May 2019, 13 members of the Security Council supported the adoption of Resolution 2486, which extended the mandate of the UN peacekeeping operation in Western Sahara for six months.
Anne Gueguen, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations, noted the importance of the four parties involved in the conflict continuing their constructive minds and compromises in order to reach a realistic, practical, fair, lasting and mutually acceptable political solution in accordance with Security Council resolutions. "
" I take this opportunity to confirm that France considers the 2007 Moroccan Autonomy Plan to be a serious and credible basis for discussion, "Gueguen said.
Ivory Coast, a permanent member of the Security Council, also welcomed the adoption of Resolution 2468.
Kuwait, who is not a permanent member of the Security Council, has also supported and expressed respect for Morocco's territorial integrity
V – Morocco's return to the African Union
Late Moroccan King Hassan II decided to withdraw from African Union in 1984 the publicly declared independence of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR)
The "empty chair" policy adopted by Morocco, which had left the Organization of African Unity (now the African Union), has done more harm than good to Sahara and its relations with continental nations.
When Morocco re-hosted the 28th AU Summit, King Mohammed VI delivered a speech based on Morocco's position in Africa.
The Monarch discussed projects to establish a South-South Partnership and Morocco's initiative to provide sub-Saharan immigrants with emergency aid
. it has allowed Morocco to re-focus on Africa, ”King Mohammed VI stated in 2017.
“ We have now thought via it rigorously and it’s so obvious now! "He added. “It's time to go residence; at a time when the Kingdom is one of probably the most superior nations in Africa and while most of the Member States are ready for our return, we have now determined to rejoin our family. "
King Mohammed VI's Tour to Three Central East African Countries In 2017, everyone with diplomatic relations with the Polisario reaffirmed Morocco's foreign policy that the best way to fight Polisario and its supporters is the African Union.
The King's signing of an agreement with Rwanda, Tanzania and Ethiopia showed that Morocco sought to transform economic, infrastructure and agricultural projects into its relations with the East African countries.
When the economy Muhammad VI succeeded in reinforcing the country's position as Africa's most important foreign policy tool, it succeeded in reinforcing the country's position as one of the main players on the continent and announcing the country's resignation
foreign policy. The country was distinguished from the African continent as the only country to have implemented an immigrant policy that provides residence status for immigrants.
Morocco has "welcomed the habits and life of individuals who come from this sister nation to Africa, with their totally different religions, cultures, traditions, households," King Mohammed stated. 19659006] Constitutional Reforms 2011
In 2011, King Mohammed proposed constitutional reforms. These included amendments to scale back their political power, extra switch of prerogatives to the regions and a strengthening of Parliament's powers.
When the 2011 reforms have been carried out, King Mohammed succeeded in attaining his final objective, which was nothing greater than the consolidation of democracy in Morocco.
New constitution accredited by referendum
The referendum formally reworked Morocco into a constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliament and a division of power.
These modifications have enabled the North African country to make vital progress and flourish in many various areas compared to other nations in the Arab world.
Morocco has established a system of governance that makes the nation unique in the Middle East as well as within the international group. Morocco's achievements and progress are in keeping with its King's 20-year signature; Mohammed VI.
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