Peter Marrone, Director of Yamana Gold, spoke at The Northern Miner's Canadian Mining Symposium, held on the Canadian House in London, USA, in Might 2019. Martina Lang's photographer The Northern Miner.
Peter Marrone, director of Yamana Gold (TSX: YRI; NYSE: YRI) on the Canadian mining symposium in North Miner, Canada, held on the Canadian House in London, mirrored the various modifications and potential progress alternatives that have begun in Yamaa in recent times. Under is the entire, modified transcript of the session on Might 22, 2019.
I hope to mirror on a few of the themes that different corporations may assume and say, "This is something we should consider." Buyers take a look at and say, "This is something we need to consider as part of our investment efforts."
The start line is geographical or judicial. Since 2003, when this company was based, we stated we have been American corporations.
At the moment, individuals have been in all probability not clear because we had only one small producer mine in Brazil. Many people scratched their heads and stated, "But isn't Brazil alone?"
However since then we’ve spent the final 15 years from Brazil to Chile, Argentina and now Canada. 19659004] We now have a top quality portfolio with lengthy-lived belongings in Yaman.
We take a look at the lifetime of the funds apart from what is instantly out there from confirmed and possible reserves, but we additionally take a look at what the potential is rising with confirmed assets and where we don’t have the assets when we now have mineralization or alternatives that improve the.
Most apparently, the most recent mine, Cerro Moro within the province of Santa Cruz, Argentina, is about 6.5 years to reside. But it’s an epithermic venous system with 32 recognized websites. It's a small open mine and an underground, very rich class that is over 11 grams per ton for gold and 650 grams of silver.
I can't inform you it's an extended life. But I can inform you that we’ve got a superb alternative to increase the life of this undertaking. It reminds us lots about El Penonia in Chile and El Penon at this stage of improvement in 1999-2000, with about 1.5 million ounces. And if I take a look at gold between gold and gold in Cerro Moro [today] it is about 1.4 to 1.5 million ounces
Nevertheless, El Penon has produced more than 5 million ounces of gold and over 130 million ounces of silver in his life. And in 2007 it had seven years of mining life and in 2019 it is 17 years previous.
And what we mean by long-time period funds that will not have been identified at present, but clearly the place is the prospect that it will probably do it.
I come back to the jurisdictions not wanting to go away you with the impression that there are nations which are no better than these nations or that wherever you’re mining, there isn’t any good place for mining.
This morning I talked with a gentleman about the future of Africa. I am not positive I know where the Democratic Republic of Congo is, but I know it’s somewhere in Central Africa. It's not in our portfolio. It isn’t one thing that fits what we do. I’m not saying that it isn’t a very good place for the mining business, however what we’re in search of are locations with mining safety.
I typically ask about Argentina. On this country, the place the former president needs to turn out to be vice-president, a country with a very vital fiscal imbalance has borrowed money from the IMF, has neglected prematurely and doubtless by default.
However no one can deny that even in a country with these tax challenges it has a properly-established rule of regulation and a code of conduct for mining. You will need to not danger that you simply wake up within the morning watching the aamupöydänne fascinated with how great it’s day, only to study that somebody has been declared one of the Declaration, which says: "I am forced to redeem one property or another"
We need to be in those jurisdictions in areas the place there’s mining-pleasant and to some is a mining group where mining is permitted. And certainly, Canada, Brazil, Argentina and Chile are the nations which might be wanting on the points the place we need to act.
I’m not telling you that we have now all the time been consistent, but definitely we now have an extended expertise of consistency. We now have been excellent through the years because we are capable of turn the production and manufacturing within the subject into money flows.
Let's take a look at how we will enhance the manufacturing of free cash flows. You heard this morning about how this is turning into more and more necessary. However attaining manufacturing and price targets is lengthy. And apparently, over the previous few years, definitely Daniel Racinen, beneath the management of our President and CEO, former COO, we have now not only been capable of deliver, however we’ve additionally been capable of present extra steerage mid-means
Yamana Gold's Chapada copper gold mine in Brazil. Photograph: Yamana Gold
Diversification is essential. We will definitely hold valuable metals. We nonetheless have – soon we won’t – have a copper mine. This is the Chapada mine in Brazil. We now have agreed to promote this mine.
For some cause, we have now tried to strengthen our stability sheet.
In 2014, this company hit slightly briar. We came throughout. We had a few developmental belongings that weren’t absolutely planned and made it worse that we needed to manage these funds.
In the long run, we bought these funds and then we needed to clean every thing after the stability sheet. We borrowed our $ 1 billion revolver and two years before we have been borrowed to zero. And at the finish of 2014 we had $ 410 million borrowed for that revolver and swelled into the corporate's stability sheet.
As you recognize, this typically causes limitations on the corporate's financial flexibility.
By promoting this property at an inexpensive worth, about $ 1 billion in complete consideration, $ 800 million prematurely will probably be absolutely cleared. It breaks the debt position behind it. It’s going to deliver internet debt to EBITDA properly, to a properly managed 1.5, and then to the free cash move we produce, and to quite a few different initiatives ahead of us within the next and a half years
But more importantly, it provides us financial flexibility in order that we will obtain the objectives of accelerating ounces, growing manufacturing and growing shareholder returns
. You’re aware that once we report this transaction, we have now already doubled our dividend and our expectation is that we will additionally continue to do so.
An enchancment within the stability sheet, which alone generates approximately $ 105-107 million of free cash circulate over the subsequent three years, precisely because we’ve got saved curiosity.
We decided that some of this, as we generate free cash flows and proceed to spend money on the country, a few of them should return to our shareholders
We start with d, which has a light-weight version of doubling our dividend.
As certainly one of our shareholders talked about yesterday, "I feel like you can do it again and again."
The answer is, however we are cautious and disciplined once we shut the deal.
Once we increase funds, I come back to the query: "How can we increase shareholder returns by adding cash to shareholders?"
This could not have occurred with no few modifications which have taken place within the company over four or five years. And one of the themes I hope to have the ability to talk with you is: don't keep static, make modifications if modifications are wanted.
Like [Iamgold president and CEO] Steve Letwin stated this morning: “If something doesn't work, exchange it. "
I am passionately loyal. I consider in loyalty.
But typically it’s troublesome, as a result of typically what we now have to do is say those that work for the company or for sure points of the company, require change. Regardless of loyalty, sooner or later it’s a must to do the best thing and make these modifications.
Four or 5 years in the past we started the street. During this time, we have now accomplished a number of successive plans. We took a comply with-up plan to the search supervisor, chief financial officer, and then to our editorial office.
Lately, the primary activities of our officers have accomplished peräkkäissuunnitelman, which I co-founder and managing director since 2003. I took a lesser position in the government chair and took on the position of the individual in cost.
We’ve got added our authorities to create a deeper.
Leadership of the entire firm We shall be bloated – we had an excessive amount of administration, too many vice-presidents.
I'm not saying this by throwing eggs. I didn’t throw the steps, nevertheless it was the South American mannequin of many layers of presidency, hearing and dialogue.
As an alternative, we took the Quebecois mannequin, which will get the appropriate manager, and he reviews directly to the vice chairman or chief operating officer. It makes the group more efficient, permits selections to be made very quickly and we move from there.
Appreciable improvements have been made to the administration
. then about $ 80 million at the moment, and we expect there’s still room for improvement
We've made our portfolio extra efficient. One among
thing that is essential to speak, I'm solely 59 years previous. I hope I can’t meet you previous or sound previous. I do not know that I have sufficient expertise or age to say, "Here's the lesson learned."
But when I can, one of many classes we've discovered is that you could't management a company that has an excessive amount of property to regulate.
The gold mining firm has a sweet spot of 5-eight properties. Go forward and it's very troublesome to do.
So I thank you for some of these fusions we’ve been discussing in the present day, where they management 15 or 16 wells and even 20-22 wells. God bless you as a result of it requires loads of effort.
And if because of this we aren’t as capable as another corporations, we like the features we now have. We consider that five or eight wells are the sweet spot of many mines within the portfolio
We now have bought a number of the mines that had crossed it, a few of the smaller mines and targeted
Part of the company's success is as a result of we will build funds efficiently.
We’ve not all the time managed to do it. As I stated in 2004, we shook our toes. Heck, we grabbed our sword. We had a few developmental belongings that were not absolutely planned.
So we changed the ways we manage asset improvement.
In the case of Cerro Moron, we built it on time and on price range. a part of the world, and the part of Argentina questioned in the improvement of funds
However why have been we capable of make it so that we determined that earlier than we put the shovel on the bottom earlier than we spend the 300 million euro capital, the capital of this venture, completed over 87 % detailed design.
We went to the feasibility research and detailed design we produced this quantity of detailed planning so that it gave us extra
I am happy to say that it has been a hit, and it’s the means forward.
If it means taking an additional six or nine months to develop one thing, I'd moderately take it in time. This is a vital lesson discovered in constructing top quality actions.
We chose to promote the Chapada copper mine and it was a troublesome choice for us
I'll be again to what I stated about loyalty. We developed this mine. These of you who keep in mind Yaman in 2003–2007 put it into production in early 2007.
We have been informed that it is a low-degree deposit that is the lowest on the planet.
We have been advised that it may be t to be developed and we will't make it value $ 240 million with 16 million tons of annual returns.
And we did all this.
It was famous that the tape ratio was lower than one to at least one. Thus, the tape-leveled grade was truly the third, maybe quartile, property of the world's third copper gold. It was onerous for us to promote it as a result of we’ve got developed it.
Our CEO, when Danielle and I have been there a number of weeks in the past [in mid-April]reminded him that he joined the corporate in 2005, and other people didn’t consider that this property could possibly be built and constructed. He reminded me that there was a vision and that the vision led to the development of this profit.
Perhaps the lesson doesn't let individuals inform you you could't do it. Proceed and do it. However he additionally stated he would meet his spouse. They have three youngsters, so there's a private facet that we will't overlook. We have now businessmen, however we will't overlook the private aspect.
So it was a troublesome determination for us, however we get it more than truthful value. It’s going to the correct hand so that we will manage assets and other people there effectively, and it’ll improve our stability sheet.
This stability sheet enchancment creates monetary flexibility, will increase free cash movement, as I discussed, considerably reduces our debt, improves shareholder returns, balances the portfolio extra into valuable metals and allows us to realize this degree of manufacturing.
This blue bar you see is basically essential because it has an additional 150,000 oz. new gold manufacturing, which comes at a really low worth and comes from present activities
Pit exercise in Agnico Eagle Mines and Yamana Gold in Canadian Malartic gold quebec. Photograph: Yamana Gold.
One different lesson is one of the best ounce that’s an oz you notice and dig into an present operation. And so that 150,000 oz. is from our Canadian mine in Quebec and our Jacobina mine in Brazil.
In 2013 and 2014, we drove again to Jacobina when it produced 76,000 ouncesa yr. We have been informed – and this room is mostly a one that stated – "Why don't you sell it? It's not the core."
And yet, we looked at it and stated: "There are tens of millions of ounces that haven't been discovered on this layer but , and we have to find out how we might do it more effectively. ”
evaluate manufacturing progress over these years from 76,000 ouncesto 145,000 ounces final yr, now emitting 5,800 tons per day, 6,500 tons per day and requiring some modest Modifications – Pipes and Engines We are already faster than we are working in mining.
The subsequent yr won’t be a number of million dollars, it is going to get us about 170,000 ounces of manufacturing platform.
Now we have now a brand new plan that takes it over 225,000 oz: an establishment that grew to 8500 tons per day
– and here it is very important take a look at what and how they – we looked at it and stated: "However this The commodity grade over the past few years has been rising. “We had an increase in final yr's grade. This yr we have now a second grade improve
Every new reef zone discovered is in a better class than the security class
So the define of the grade is actually 2.34 grams. shifting nearer to 2.6 at present to get to 2.6, which is 6500 tonnes per day, and the capital won’t be transported to 8500 tonnes per day
. Over 190,000 ounces
Now 190,000 ounces are the first part. The second half is our confirmed and probable reserves for over 13 years. We’ve got over 2 million ounces. assets, a million oz.
It is clear that this has been an amazing success for us.
We decided to not promote it, and we are joyful that we’ll not succeed. It has develop into one in every of our most efficient manufacturing mines with a really lengthy service life. We will certainly be over 15 years previous and it may be considerably longer than it.
Canadian Malartic can also be certainly one of these belongings that we didn't develop. We purchased it in 2014, as you keep in mind. But in 2011 or 2012 it was reported which you can't dig a 1 gram deposit into an open pit deposit in Canada – it gained't work.
And see, how profitable was the Osisko and we’re I am very glad that we purchased Osisko in 2014. We’ve got been the production of 48 000 tonnes to 55 000 tonnes per day.
We at the moment are creating a better-class Barnat deposit. However extra apparently, what has been found with Odyssey and East Malartic. These are underground zones and not open mines. We nonetheless see 150,000 ounces. So our 50% can be another 75,000 oz.
We had a vision in 2014. At that time there have been solely eight boreholes in Odyssey. Take heed to the geologist who found it because he tells you what he thinks. And he stated, "I think you've got a deposit."
She was proper. So we expect that there is nice potential for growing production and that it’ll also improve the lifetime of the mine.
Cerro Moro is once again a really top quality deposit and produces considered one of our best money flows and free money flows. Our aim is to extend our confirmed and worthwhile bookings within the subsequent few years, to stop. It needs nothing greater than that, and we’re very assured that we will achieve it.
One thing I did not say about El Penon is usually higher to restore production, improve the financial performance of property
This mine produced over 220,000 ounces. gold and about 7.5 million ounces per yr. silver, on the idea of gold equivalence, nicely over 325,000 ounces
But we also remodeled 50 miles of underground developments per yr, $ 60 million per yr for improvement, $ 30 million for research.  We pushed it back. We stated, “This mine has made its share of heavy lifting. Pull it back to 150,000 oz. gold, 4 to 6 million oz. silver. ”
It's still a powerful mine with over 200,000 ounces. gold equal. More importantly, since we use half of the amount for improvement and exploration, we at the moment are producing more free cash circulate from this asset, with much less danger than before, earlier than we put it again about three or 4 years in the past.  I want to highlight one remaining facet. I feel the market is usually lacking in the alternatives in a portfolio that doesn’t produce mines.
We’ve got five producer wells and we’ve got a number of strategic assets. Probably the most superior is Agua Rica. This is likely one of the largest stocks of copper goldoline on the earth. It's 25 years of life, very top quality, and it's a production platform with £ 370 million of copper per yr. But in the course of the first ten years it will be over £ 500 million copper a yr – a very vital mine.
There’s also an adjacent neighbor, the Alumbrera mine, the place the mine has just been used up. That is 36 km away.
We are a companion in Alumbrera with a minority stake. We’ve got 100% of Agua Rica.
We determined: "Why don't we integrate these two projects?"
Let's not construct a brand new plant. Take the Agua Rica ore on the conveyor and take it to Alumbrera. This enables us to save lots of tons of of hundreds of thousands of dollars in capital prices and considerably scale back the danger.
We will use present enrichment crops. We could possibly use a drained pit for debris and probably for waste. This 36 km conveyor is just not a challenge. It’s clear that it includes prices.
But this can be a undertaking that’s now in the improvement part and we now have made it by saying that we aren’t going to develop it as a $ 3 + billion separate undertaking. [19659021
We’ve got a superb feasibility research [soon] and a feasibility research next yr.
In the built-in undertaking we have now 56%.
And right here's an fascinating question, perhaps rhetoric, however how a lot do you assume this commodity is concerned in analyst fashions, the analysts that cover this company?
excellent solutions in the room. Zero
So we undoubtedly assume there’s real value right here. Will probably be a really vital improvement within the complete worth of this company
It can be assumed that we’re in all probability expecting to fund all or a part of it, which can convey extra money into the corporate's fund.
Most importantly, if there’s a value clause, it’s tied to your knitting, whether it’s a vital or dominant intermediate firm that focuses on the quality of the portfolio and the jurisdictions during which you use, and turn out to be relevant in these jurisdictions. 19659021] Don't worry that "bigger is better" – just remedy
This text first appeared in The Northern Miner